Yale University, the BBS departments and the CBB program are placing increased emphasis on career planning through the creation of new resources and activities, such as career counseling, career fairs, industry networking opportunities, and alumni panels. Beginning in 2014-15, NIH expects that students (and post-doctoral fellows) supported on its training and research grants will be actively involved in career planning and in the preparation of Individual Development Plans (IDPs). Individual Development Plans will evolve over time, as students master various skills, focus their research interests, and investigate possible career paths. Self-assessment tools are available to entering students to establish a “baseline” assessment of skills, interests, and values. Repeat use of these tools in later years may assist a student in charting the development of career goals and the results of various career exploration activities.